A place-based approach to EU industrial policy

This article was published under the 2015-2020 European Committee of the Regions mandate.



Last updated 6 December 2019

Adoption at CoR Plenary

December 2018
Appointment of the rapporteur

During a European Committee of the Regions Plenary session, Jeannette Baljeu explains what is being discussed, what she’s working with regards to her report and her work at the European level.


  • The opinion focused on how an EU industrial policy strategy could be implemented using a territorial or place-based approach, the role of regional and local authorities in that regard and how their role can be supported by EU initiatives. It also addresses how a low carbon and circular economy can be a driver of innovation and new business and employment opportunities in a regional and local context.


5 December

During the European Committee of the Regions plenary, Jeannette Baljeu engaged with European Commissioner Schmit in charge of Jobs and Social Rights:

“I believe that if industry is to become “fit for the future” and maintain and improve its crucial contribution to prosperity and employment we need to also focus on the transition that is needed for new skills.”

She advised that regional and local authorities take leadership to ensure the availability of new skills to support the transition of industry by facilitating industry-educational institutes collaboration and that this is supported by a European strategy. 

2 July

At the Knowledge Exchange Platform “Regions and cities in the driving seat of the “Industry 4.0” revolution” in the European Committee of the Regions, policymakers, experts from local, regional and European levels in Brussels discussed how to approach social challenges and to make sure that everyone in Europe benefits from the ongoing transformation. 

Rapporteur Jeannette Baljeu (NL/Renew Europe), Commissioner in the Province of Zuid-Holland, was one of the panelists and said: “For Europe to remain competitive and make a successful transition to a zero-carbon and digital economy we need to strengthen regional and local ecosystems by cooperating in the whole value chain and connecting these ecosystems throughout all European regions.”

26 June

Debate & approval at the Plenary of the European Committee of the Regions.

“A place-based approach for European Industry is crucial if we want to remain competitive and face challenges such as the transition to a zero-carbon and digital economy. Therefore, we need to strengthen regional and local eco-systems by cooperating in the whole value chain and connecting these eco-systems throughout all European regions. Cooperation of local and regional stakeholders is key in this as we all face these challenges. We can learn from each other and grow the European Industry in a sustainable way to a stronger, more innovative and competitive European Union”, says rapporteur Jeannette Baljeu (NL/Renew Europe).

6 March 

Zuid-Holland covers Baljeu’s work on an EU Strategy for Industrial Policy, after the workshop in which she engaged with different experts about the future of such an industrial policy. “As regional government we have an important role to connect the regions and different industries with one another. That’s why it’s important to have a place-based industrial approach in the EU” says Baljeu. 

15 February

Participants – representatives of cities and regions as well as think tanks, NGOs and associations working in the field of industry and related areas – were encouraged to concisely explain their views on the topic and take an active part in the exchange during the Stakeholder’s consultation  in the European Committee of the Regions.

After the introductory presentation by Michele Alessandrini from t33, representatives of several regions and associations participated in 4 different moderated sessions and discussed the possible input of cities and regions to the EU industrial policy. Topical discussions included clusters, circular economy, cross-border links

Mr. Pietro Celotti and his colleagues from the consultancy company t33 gave a short presentation of a study on “Implementing a place-based approach to EU industrial policy strategy” which the CoR has commissioned.

5 February 

Baljeu speaks at a stakeholders’ session organised by Eurochambres during the EU Industry Days 2019. The topic is “Thinking circular – How to make SMEs fit for the Circular Economy”.

Jeannette BALJEU

Jeannette BALJEU


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